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Chapter id: 5267
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79 parallel or similar passage(s) in this chapter
athāto rogabhiṣagjitīyaṃ vimānaṃ vyākhyāsyāmaḥ // (1.1) Par.?
iti ha smāha bhagavānātreyaḥ // (2.1) Par.?
iti ha smāha bhagavān ātreyaḥ // (Ca, Śār., 1, 2, 1) [0]
iti ha smāha bhagavānātreyaḥ // (Ca, Śār., 2, 2, 0) [0]
iti ha smāha bhagavānātreyaḥ // (Ca, Śār., 3, 2, 1) [0]
iti ha smāha bhagavānātreyaḥ // (Ca, Śār., 4, 2, 1) [0]
iti ha smāha bhagavānātreyaḥ // (Ca, Śār., 5, 2, 1) [0]
iti ha smāha bhagavānātreyaḥ // (Ca, Śār., 6, 2, 0) [0]
iti ha smāha bhagavānātreyaḥ // (Ca, Śār., 7, 2, 0) [0]
iti ha smāha bhagavānātreyaḥ // (Ca, Śār., 8, 2, 0) [0]
iti ha smāha bhagavānātreyaḥ // (Ca, Indr., 1, 2, 0) [0]
iti ha smāha bhagavānātreyaḥ // (Ca, Indr., 2, 2, 0) [0]
iti ha smāha bhagavānātreyaḥ // (Ca, Indr., 3, 2, 1) [0]
iti ha smāha bhagavānātreyaḥ // (Ca, Indr., 4, 2, 1) [0]
iti ha smāha bhagavānātreyaḥ // (Ca, Indr., 5, 2, 1) [0]
iti ha smāha bhagavānātreyaḥ // (Ca, Indr., 6, 2, 1) [0]
iti ha smāha bhagavānātreyaḥ // (Ca, Indr., 7, 2, 1) [0]
iti ha smāha bhagavānātreyaḥ // (Ca, Indr., 8, 2, 1) [0]
iti ha smāha bhagavānātreyaḥ // (Ca, Indr., 9, 2, 1) [0]
iti ha smāha bhagavānātreyaḥ // (Ca, Indr., 10, 2, 1) [0]
iti ha smāha bhagavānātreyaḥ // (Ca, Indr., 11, 2, 1) [0]
iti ha smāha bhagavānātreyaḥ // (Ca, Indr., 12, 2, 1) [0]
iti ha smāha bhagavānātreyaḥ // (Ca, Cik., 1, 2, 0) [0]
iti ha smāha bhagavān ātreyaḥ // (Ca, Cik., 2, 2, 0) [0]
iti ha smāha bhagavānātreyaḥ // (Ca, Cik., 3, 2, 1) [0]
iti ha smāha bhagavānātreyaḥ // (Ca, Cik., 4, 2, 1) [0]
iti ha smāha bhagavānātreyaḥ // (Ca, Cik., 5, 2, 1) [0]
iti ha smāha bhagavānātreyaḥ // (Ca, Cik., 22, 2, 0) [0]
iti ha smāha bhagavānātreyaḥ // (Ca, Cik., 1, 3, 2, 0) [0]
iti ha smāha bhagavānātreyaḥ // (Ca, Cik., 1, 4, 2, 0) [0]
iti ha smāha bhagavānātreyaḥ // (Ca, Cik., 2, 1, 2, 0) [0]
iti ha smāha bhagavānātreyaḥ // (Ca, Cik., 2, 2, 2, 0) [0]
iti ha smāha bhagavānātreyaḥ // (Ca, Cik., 2, 3, 2, 0) [0]
iti ha smāha bhagavānātreyaḥ // (Ca, Cik., 2, 4, 2, 0) [0]
iti ha smāha bhagavānātreyaḥ // (Ca, Sū., 1, 2, 0) [0]
iti ha smāha bhagavānātreyaḥ // (Ca, Sū., 2, 2, 1) [0]
iti ha smāha bhagavānātreyaḥ // (Ca, Sū., 3, 2, 1) [0]
iti ha smāha bhagavānātreyaḥ // (Ca, Sū., 4, 2, 1) [0]
iti ha smāha bhagavānātreyaḥ // (Ca, Sū., 5, 2, 1) [0]
iti ha smāha bhagavānātreyaḥ // (Ca, Sū., 6, 2, 0) [0]
iti ha smāha bhagavānātreyaḥ // (Ca, Sū., 7, 2, 0) [0]
iti ha smāha bhagavānātreyaḥ // (Ca, Sū., 8, 2, 1) [0]
iti ha smāha bhagavānātreyaḥ // (Ca, Sū., 9, 2, 1) [0]
iti ha smāha bhagavānātreyaḥ // (Ca, Sū., 10, 2, 1) [0]
iti ha smāha bhagavānātreyaḥ // (Ca, Sū., 11, 2, 0) [0]
iti ha smāha bhagavānātreyaḥ // (Ca, Sū., 12, 2, 0) [0]
iti ha smāha bhagavānātreyaḥ // (Ca, Sū., 13, 2, 1) [0]
iti ha smāha bhagavānātreyaḥ // (Ca, Sū., 14, 2, 1) [0]
iti ha smāha bhagavānātreyaḥ // (Ca, Sū., 15, 2, 1) [0]
iti ha smāha bhagavānātreyaḥ // (Ca, Sū., 16, 2, 0) [0]
iti ha smāha bhagavānātreyaḥ // (Ca, Sū., 17, 2, 1) [0]
iti ha smāha bhagavānātreyaḥ // (Ca, Sū., 18, 2, 1) [0]
iti ha smāha bhagavānātreyaḥ // (Ca, Sū., 19, 2, 1) [0]
iti ha smāha bhagavānātreyaḥ // (Ca, Sū., 20, 2, 0) [0]
iti ha smāha bhagavānātreyaḥ // (Ca, Sū., 21, 2, 1) [0]
iti ha smāha bhagavānātreyaḥ // (Ca, Sū., 22, 2, 1) [0]
iti ha smāha bhagavānātreyaḥ // (Ca, Sū., 23, 2, 1) [0]
iti ha smāha bhagavānātreyaḥ // (Ca, Sū., 24, 2, 1) [0]
iti ha smāha bhagavānātreyaḥ // (Ca, Sū., 25, 2, 1) [0]
iti ha smāha bhagavānātreyaḥ // (Ca, Sū., 26, 2, 0) [0]
iti ha smāha bhagavānātreyaḥ // (Ca, Sū., 27, 2, 0) [0]
iti ha smāha bhagavānātreyaḥ // (Ca, Sū., 28, 2, 0) [0]
iti ha smāha bhagavānātreyaḥ // (Ca, Sū., 29, 2, 1) [0]
iti ha smāha bhagavānātreyaḥ // (Ca, Sū., 30, 2, 0) [0]
iti ha smāha bhagavānātreyaḥ // (Ca, Nid., 1, 2, 0) [0]
iti ha smāha bhagavānātreyaḥ // (Ca, Nid., 2, 2, 1) [0]
iti ha smāha bhagavānātreyaḥ // (Ca, Nid., 3, 2, 1) [0]
iti ha smāha bhagavānātreyaḥ // (Ca, Nid., 4, 2, 1) [0]
iti ha smāha bhagavānātreyaḥ // (Ca, Nid., 5, 2, 1) [0]
iti ha smāha bhagavānātreyaḥ // (Ca, Nid., 6, 2, 1) [0]
iti ha smāha bhagavān ātreyaḥ // (Ca, Nid., 7, 2, 1) [0]
iti ha smāha bhagavānātreyaḥ // (Ca, Nid., 8, 2, 1) [0]
iti ha smāha bhagavānātreyaḥ // (Ca, Vim., 1, 2, 0) [0]
iti ha smāha bhagavānātreyaḥ // (Ca, Vim., 2, 2, 0) [0]
iti ha smāha bhagavānātreyaḥ // (Ca, Vim., 3, 2, 0) [0]
iti ha smāha bhagavānātreyaḥ // (Ca, Vim., 4, 2, 0) [0]
iti ha smāha bhagavānātreyaḥ // (Ca, Vim., 5, 2, 1) [0]
iti ha smāha bhagavānātreyaḥ // (Ca, Vim., 6, 2, 0) [0]
iti ha smāha bhagavānātreyaḥ // (Ca, Vim., 7, 2, 1) [0]
buddhimānātmanaḥ kāryagurulāghavaṃ karmaphalamanubandhaṃ deśakālau ca viditvā yuktidarśanādbhiṣagbubhūṣuḥ śāstramevāditaḥ parīkṣeta / (3.1) Par.?
requirements for a good śāstra
vividhāni hi śāstrāṇi bhiṣajāṃ pracaranti loke tatra yanmanyeta sumahadyaśasvidhīrapuruṣāsevitam arthabahulam āptajanapūjitaṃ trividhaśiṣyabuddhihitam apagatapunaruktadoṣam ārṣaṃ supraṇītasūtrabhāṣyasaṃgrahakramaṃ svādhāram anavapatitaśabdam akaṣṭaśabdaṃ puṣkalābhidhānaṃ kramāgatārtham arthatattvaviniścayapradhānaṃ saṃgatārthamasaṃkulaprakaraṇamāśuprabodhakaṃ lakṣaṇavaccodāharaṇavacca tadabhiprapadyeta śāstram / (3.2) Par.?
śāstraṃ hyevaṃvidhamamala ivādityastamo vidhūya prakāśayati sarvam // (3.3) Par.?
~ for a good teacher
tato 'nantaramācāryaṃ parīkṣeta tadyathā paryavadātaśrutaṃ paridṛṣṭakarmāṇaṃ dakṣaṃ dakṣiṇaṃ śuciṃ jitahastam upakaraṇavantaṃ sarvendriyopapannaṃ prakṛtijñaṃ pratipattijñam anupaskṛtavidyam anahaṅkṛtam anasūyakam akopanaṃ kleśakṣamaṃ śiṣyavatsalamadhyāpakaṃ jñāpanasamarthaṃ ceti / (4.1) Par.?
evaṃguṇo hyācāryaḥ sukṣetramārtavo megha iva śasyaguṇaiḥ suśiṣyamāśu vaidyaguṇaiḥ sampādayati // (4.2) Par.?
tamupasṛtyārirādhayiṣurupacaredagnivacca devavacca rājavacca pitṛvacca bhartṛvaccāpramattaḥ / (5.1) Par.?
tatastatprasādāt kṛtsnaṃ śāstramadhigamya śāstrasya dṛḍhatāyāmabhidhānasya sauṣṭhave 'rthasya vijñāne vacanaśaktau ca bhūyo bhūyaḥ prayateta samyak // (5.2) Par.?
upāya
tatropāyānanuvyākhyāsyāmaḥadhyayanam adhyāpanaṃ tadvidyasaṃbhāṣā cetyupāyāḥ // (6.1) Par.?
upāya:: adhyayana
tatrāyamadhyayanavidhiḥ kalyaḥ kṛtakṣaṇaḥ prātar utthāyopavyūṣaṃ vā kṛtvā āvaśyakam upaspṛśyodakaṃ devarṣigobrāhmaṇaguruvṛddhasiddhācāryebhyo namaskṛtya same śucau deśe sukhopaviṣṭo manaḥpuraḥsarābhirvāgbhiḥ sūtramanukrāman punaḥ punarāvartayed buddhvā samyaganupraviśyārthatattvaṃ svadoṣaparihārārthaṃ paradoṣapramāṇārthaṃ ca evaṃ madhyaṃdine 'parāhṇe rātrau ca śaśvad aparihāpayannadhyayanam abhyasyet / (7.1) Par.?
ityadhyayanavidhiḥ // (7.2) Par.?
upāya:: adhyāpana
athādhyāpanavidhiḥ adhyāpane kṛtabuddhirācāryaḥ śiṣyamevāditaḥ parīkṣeta tad yathā praśāntam āryaprakṛtikam akṣudrakarmāṇam ṛjucakṣurmukhanāsāvaṃśaṃ tanuraktaviśadajihvam avikṛtadantauṣṭham aminminaṃ dhṛtimantam anahaṅkṛtaṃ medhāvinaṃ vitarkasmṛtisampannam udārasattvaṃ tadvidyakulajamathavā tadvidyavṛttaṃ tattvābhiniveśinam avyaṅgam avyāpannendriyaṃ nibhṛtam anuddhatam arthatattvabhāvakam akopanam avyasaninaṃ śīlaśaucācārānurāgadākṣyaprādakṣiṇyopapannam adhyayanābhikāmam arthavijñāne karmadarśane cānanyakāryam alubdham analasaṃ sarvabhūtahitaiṣiṇam ācāryasarvānuśiṣṭipratikaram anuraktaṃ ca evaṃguṇasamuditam adhyāpyam āhuḥ // (8.1) Par.?
adhyāpana:: initial ritual
evaṃvidham adhyayanārthinam upasthitam ārirādhayiṣum ācāryo 'nubhāṣeta udagayane śuklapakṣe praśaste 'hani tiṣyahastaśravaṇāśvayujāmanyatamena nakṣatreṇa yogamupagate bhagavati śaśini kalyāṇe kalyāṇe ca karaṇe maitre muhūrte muṇḍaḥ kṛtopavāsaḥ snātaḥ kāṣāyavastrasaṃvītaḥ sagandhahastaḥ samidho 'gnimājyamupalepanam udakumbhān mālyadāmadīpahiraṇyahemarajatamaṇimuktāvidrumakṣaumaparidhīn kuśalājasarṣapākṣatāṃśca śuklāni sumanāṃsi grathitāgrathitāni medhyān bhakṣyān gandhāṃśca ghṛṣṭānādāyopatiṣṭhasveti // (9.1) Par.?
sa tathā kuryāt // (10.1) Par.?
tamupasthitamājñāya same śucau deśe prākpravaṇe udakpravaṇe vā catuṣkiṣkumātraṃ caturasraṃ sthaṇḍilaṃ gomayodakenopaliptaṃ kuśāstīrṇaṃ suparihitaṃ paridhibhiścaturdiśaṃ yathoktacandanodakumbhakṣaumahemahiraṇyarajatamaṇimuktāvidrumālaṃkṛtaṃ medhyabhakṣyagandhaśuklapuṣpalājasarṣapākṣatopaśobhitaṃ kṛtvā tatra pālāśībhir aiṅgudībhir audumbarībhir mādhukībhir vā samidbhiragnimupasamādhāya prāṅmukhaḥ śuciradhyayanavidhimanuvidhāya madhusarpirbhyāṃ tristrir juhuyād agnim āśīḥsamprayuktair mantrair brahmāṇamagniṃ dhanvantariṃ prajāpatimaśvināvindramṛṣīṃśca sūtrakārānabhimantrayamāṇaḥ pūrvaṃ svāheti // (11.1) Par.?
śiṣyaścainamanvālabheta / (12.1) Par.?
hutvā ca pradakṣiṇamagnimanuparikrāmet / (12.2) Par.?
parikramya brāhmaṇān svasti vācayet bhiṣajaścābhipūjayet // (12.3) Par.?
behaviour of a good physician
athainamagnisakāśe brāhmaṇasakāśe bhiṣaksakāśe cānuśiṣyād brahmacāriṇā śmaśrudhāriṇā satyavādināmāṃsādena medhyasevinā nirmatsareṇāśastradhāriṇā ca bhavitavyaṃ na ca te madvacanāt kiṃcid akāryaṃ syādanyatra rājadviṣṭāt prāṇaharād vipulād adharmyād anarthasamprayuktād vāpyarthāt madarpaṇena matpradhānena madadhīnena matpriyahitānuvartinā ca śaśvadbhavitavyaṃ putravad dāsavad arthivaccopacaratānuvastavyo 'ham anutsekenāvahitenānanyamanasā vinītenāvekṣyāvekṣyakāriṇānasūyakena cābhyanujñātena pravicaritavyam anujñātena pravicaratā pūrvaṃ gurvarthopāharaṇe yathāśakti prayatitavyaṃ karmasiddhimarthasiddhiṃ yaśolābhaṃ pretya ca svargamicchatā bhiṣajā tvayā gobrāhmaṇamādau kṛtvā sarvaprāṇabhṛtāṃ śarmāśāsitavyamaharaharuttiṣṭhatā copaviśatā ca sarvātmanā cāturāṇāmārohyāya prayatitavyaṃ jīvitahetorapi cāturebhyo nābhidrogdhavyaṃ manasāpi ca parastriyo nābhigamanīyāstathā sarvameva parasvaṃ nibhṛtaveśaparicchadena bhavitavyam aśauṇḍenāpāpenāpāpasahāyena ca ślakṣṇaśukladharmyaśarmyadhanyasatyahitamitavacasā deśakālavicāriṇā smṛtimatā jñānotthānopakaraṇasampatsu nityaṃ yatnavatā ca na ca kadācidrājadviṣṭānāṃ rājadveṣiṇāṃ vā mahājanadviṣṭānāṃ mahājanadveṣiṇāṃ vāpyauṣadham anuvidhātavyaṃ tathā sarveṣām atyarthanikṛtaduṣṭaduḥkhaśīlācāropacārāṇām anapavādapratikārāṇāṃ mumūrṣūṇāṃ ca tathaivāsannihiteśvarāṇāṃ strīṇāmanadhyakṣāṇāṃ vā na ca kadācit strīdattamāmiṣamādātavyamananujñātaṃ bhartrāthavādhyakṣeṇa āturakulaṃ cānupraviśatā viditenānumatapraveśinā sārdhaṃ puruṣeṇa susaṃvītenāvākśirasā smṛtimatā stimitenāvekṣyāvekṣya manasā sarvamācaratā samyaganupraveṣṭavyam anupraviśya ca vāṅmanobuddhīndriyāṇi na kvacit praṇidhātavyānyanyatrāturād āturopakārārthād āturagateṣvanyeṣu vā bhāveṣu na cāturakulapravṛttayo bahirniścārayitavyāḥ hrasitaṃ cāyuṣaḥ pramāṇamāturasya jānatāpi tvayā na varṇayitavyaṃ tatra yatrocyamānam āturasyānyasya vāpyupaghātāya sampadyate jñānavatāpi ca nātyarthamātmano jñāne vikatthitavyam āptādapi hi vikatthamānād atyartham udvijantyaneke // (13.1) Par.?
na caiva hyasti sutaramāyurvedasya pāraṃ tasmādapramattaḥ śaśvadabhiyogamasmin gacchet etacca kāryam evaṃbhūyaśca vṛttasauṣṭhavamanasūyatā parebhyo 'pyāgamayitavyaṃ kṛtsno hi loko buddhimatāmācāryaḥ śatruścābuddhimatām ataścābhisamīkṣya buddhimatāmitrasyāpi dhanyaṃ yaśasyamāyuṣyaṃ pauṣṭikaṃ laukyam abhyupadiśato vacaḥ śrotavyam anuvidhātavyaṃ ceti / (14.1) Par.?
ataḥ paramidaṃ brūyād devatāgnidvijaguruvṛddhasiddhācāryeṣu te nityaṃ samyagvartitavyaṃ teṣu te samyagvartamānasyāyamagniḥ sarvagandharasaratnabījāni yatheritāśca devatāḥ śivāya syuḥ ato 'nyathā vartamānasyāśivāyeti / (14.2) Par.?
evaṃ bruvati cācārye śiṣyaḥ tatheti brūyāt / (14.3) Par.?
yathopadeśaṃ ca kurvannadhyāpyaḥ ato 'nyathā tvanadhyāpyaḥ / (14.4) Par.?
adhyāpyamadhyāpayan hyācāryo yathoktaiś cādhyāpanaphalair yogam āpnotyanyaiścānuktaiḥ śreyaskarairguṇaiḥ śiṣyamātmānaṃ ca yunakti / (14.5) Par.?
ityadhyāpanavidhiruktaḥ // (14.6) Par.?
Fachgespr¦ch (sambhāṣā)
saṃbhāṣāvidhimata ūrdhvaṃ vyākhyāsyāmaḥ bhiṣak bhiṣajā saha sambhāṣeta / (15.1) Par.?
tadvidyasaṃbhāṣā hi jñānābhiyogasaṃharṣakarī bhavati vaiśāradyamapi cābhinirvartayati vacanaśaktimapi cādhatte yaśaścābhidīpayati pūrvaśrute ca saṃdehavataḥ punaḥ śravaṇācchrutasaṃśayamapakarṣati śrute cāsaṃdehavato bhūyo 'dhyavasāyamabhinirvartayati aśrutamapi ca kaṃcid arthaṃ śrotraviṣayamāpādayati yaccācāryaḥ śiṣyāya śuśrūṣave prasannaḥ krameṇopadiśati guhyābhimatam arthajātaṃ tat paraspareṇa saha jalpan piṇḍena vijigīṣurāha saṃharṣāt tasmāttadvidyasaṃbhāṣāmabhipraśaṃsanti kuśalāḥ // (15.2) Par.?
dvividhā tu khalu tadvidyasaṃbhāṣā bhavati saṃdhāyasaṃbhāṣā vigṛhyasaṃbhāṣā ca // (16.1) Par.?
sambhāṣā:: saṃdhāyasambhāṣā
tatra jñānavijñānavacanaprativacanaśaktisaṃpannenākopanenānupaskṛtavidyenānasūyakenānuneyenānunayakovidena kleśakṣameṇa priyasaṃbhāṣaṇena ca saha saṃdhāyasaṃbhāṣā vidhīyate / (17.1) Par.?
tathāvidhena saha kathayan viśrabdhaḥ kathayet pṛcchedapi ca viśrabdhaḥ pṛcchate cāsmai viśrabdhāya viśadamarthaṃ brūyāt na ca nigrahabhayādudvijeta nigṛhya cainaṃ na hṛṣyet na ca pareṣu vikattheta na ca mohādekāntagrāhī syāt na cāviditamarthamanuvarṇayet samyak cānunayenānunayet tatra cāvahitaḥ syāt / (17.2) Par.?
ityanulomasaṃbhāṣāvidhiḥ // (17.3) Par.?
saṃbhāṣā:: vigṛhyasaṃbhāṣā
ata ūrdhvamitareṇa saha vigṛhya saṃbhāṣāyāṃ jalpecchreyasā yogamātmanaḥ paśyan / (18.1) Par.?
prāgeva ca jalpājjalpāntaraṃ parāvarāntaraṃ pariṣadviśeṣāṃśca samyak parīkṣeta / (18.2) Par.?
samyakparīkṣā hi buddhimatāṃ kāryapravṛttinivṛttikālau śaṃsati tasmāt parīkṣāmabhipraśaṃsanti kuśalāḥ / (18.3) Par.?
parīkṣamāṇastu khalu parāvarāntaramimān jalpakaguṇāñ śreyaskarān doṣavataśca parīkṣeta samyak tadyathāśrutaṃ vijñānaṃ dhāraṇaṃ pratibhānaṃ vacanaśaktiriti etān guṇān śreyaskarānāhuḥ imān punardoṣavataḥ tad yathā kopanatvam avaiśāradyaṃ bhīrutvamadhāraṇatvamanavahitatvamiti / (18.4) Par.?
etān guṇān gurulāghavataḥ parasya caivātmanaśca tulayet // (18.5) Par.?
3 Arten von Diskussionsgegnern
tatra trividhaḥ paraḥ sampadyate pravaraḥ pratyavaraḥ samo vā guṇavinikṣepataḥ natveva kārtsnyena // (19.1) Par.?
2 Arten von Publikum
pariṣattu khalu dvividhā jñānavatī mūḍhapariṣacca / (20.1) Par.?
saiva dvividhā satī trividhā punaranena kāraṇavibhāgena suhṛtpariṣat udāsīnapariṣat pratiniviṣṭapariṣacceti / (20.2) Par.?
tatra pratiniviṣṭāyāṃ pariṣadi jñānavijñānavacanaprativacanaśaktisampannāyāṃ mūḍhāyāṃ vā na kathaṃcit kenacit saha jalpo vidhīyate mūḍhāyāṃ tu suhṛtpariṣadyudāsīnāyāṃ vā jñānavijñānavacanaprativacanaśaktīr antareṇāpyadīptayaśasā mahān avidviṣṭenāpi saha jalpo vidhīyate / (20.3) Par.?
tadvidhena ca saha kathayatā āviddhadīrghasūtrasaṃkulair vākyadaṇḍakaiḥ kathayitavyam atihṛṣṭaṃ muhurmuhurupahasatā paraṃ nirūpayatā ca parṣadamākārairbruvataścāsya vākyāvakāśo na deyaḥ kaṣṭaśabdaṃ ca bruvatā vaktavyo nocyate athavā punarhīnā te pratijñā iti / (20.4) Par.?
punaścāhūyamānaḥ prativaktavyaḥ parisaṃvatsaro bhavān śikṣasva tāvat na tvayā gururupāsito nūnam athavā paryāptametāvatte sakṛdapi hi parikṣepikaṃ nihataṃ nihatamāhuriti nāsya yogaḥ kartavyaḥ kathaṃcit / (20.5) Par.?
apyevaṃ śreyasā saha vigṛhya vaktavyamityāhureke natvevaṃ jyāyasā saha vigrahaṃ praśaṃsanti kuśalāḥ // (20.6) Par.?
Diskussionstechnik fr schlechtere Gegner
pratyavareṇa tu saha samānābhimatena vā vigṛhya jalpatā suhṛtpariṣadi kathayitavyam athavāpyudāsīnapariṣady avadhānaśravaṇajñānavijñānopadhāraṇavacanaprativacanaśaktisampannāyāṃ kathayatā cāvahitena parasya sādguṇyadoṣabalamavekṣitavyaṃ samavekṣya ca yatrainaṃ śreṣṭhaṃ manyeta nāsya tatra jalpaṃ yojayedanāviṣkṛtamayogaṃ kurvan yatra tvenamavaraṃ manyeta tatraivainamāśu nigṛhṇīyāt / (21.1) Par.?
tatra khalvime pratyavarāṇāmāśu nigrahe bhavantyupāyāḥ tadyathā śrutahīnaṃ mahatā sūtrapāṭhenābhibhavet vijñānahīnaṃ punaḥ kaṣṭaśabdena vākyena vākyadhāraṇāhīnamāviddhadīrghasūtrasaṃkulairvākyadaṇḍakaiḥ pratibhāhīnaṃ punarvacanenaikavidhenānekārthavācinā vacanaśaktihīnamardhoktasya vākyasyākṣepeṇa aviśāradam apatrapaṇena kopanam āyāsanena bhīruṃ vitrāsanena anavahitaṃ niyamaneneti / (21.2) Par.?
evametairupāyaiḥ paramavaramabhibhavecchīghram // (21.3) Par.?
tatra ślokau / (22.1) Par.?
vigṛhya kathayed yuktyā yuktaṃ ca na nivārayet / (22.2) Par.?
vigṛhyabhāṣā tīvraṃ hi keṣāṃciddrohamāvahet // (22.3) Par.?
nākāryamasti kruddhasya nāvācyamapi vidyate / (23.1) Par.?
kuśalā nābhinandanti kalahaṃ samitau satām // (23.2) Par.?
evaṃ pravṛtte vāde kuryāt // (24.1) Par.?
prāgeva tāvadidaṃ kartuṃ yateta saṃdhāya parṣadāyanabhūtamātmanaḥ prakaraṇam ādeśayitavyaṃ yadvā parasya bhṛśadurgaṃ syāt pakṣamathavā parasya bhṛśaṃ vimukhamānayet pariṣadi copasaṃhitāyāmaśakyamasmābhirvaktum eṣaiva te pariṣadyatheṣṭaṃ yathāyogaṃ yathābhiprāyaṃ vādaṃ vādamaryādāṃ ca sthāpayiṣyatītyuktvā tūṣṇīmāsīta // (25.1) Par.?
tatredaṃ vādamaryādālakṣaṇaṃ bhavatīdaṃ vācyam idamavācyam evaṃ parājito bhavatīti // (26.1) Par.?
imāni tu khalu padāni bhiṣagvādamārgajñānārthamadhigamyāni bhavanti tadyathāvādaḥ dravyaṃ guṇāḥ karma sāmānyaṃ viśeṣaḥ samavāyaḥ pratijñā sthāpanā pratiṣṭhāpanā hetuḥ dṛṣṭāntaḥ upanayaḥ nigamanam uttaraṃ siddhāntaḥ śabdaḥ pratyakṣam anumānam aitihyam aupamyaṃ saṃśayaḥ prayojanaṃ savyabhicāraṃ jijñāsā vyavasāyaḥ arthaprāptiḥ saṃbhavaḥ anuyojyam ananuyojyam anuyogaḥ pratyanuyogaḥ vākyadoṣaḥ vākyapraśaṃsā chalam ahetuḥ atītakālam upālambhaḥ parihāraḥ pratijñāhāniḥ abhyanujñā hetvantaram arthāntaraṃ nigrahasthānamiti // (27.1) Par.?
vāda (Diskussion)
tatra vādo nāma sa yat pareṇa saha śāstrapūrvakaṃ vigṛhya kathayati / (28.1) Par.?
vāda:: jalpa
tatra pakṣāśritayorvacanaṃ jalpaḥ jalpaviparyayo vitaṇḍā / (28.2) Par.?
yathaikasya pakṣaḥ punarbhavo 'stīti nāstītyaparasya tau ca svasvapakṣahetubhiḥ svasvapakṣaṃ sthāpayataḥ parapakṣamudbhāvayataḥ eṣa jalpaḥ / (28.3) Par.?
jalpaviparyayo vitaṇḍā / (28.4) Par.?
vāda:: vitaṇḍā
vitaṇḍā nāma parapakṣe doṣavacanamātrameva // (28.5) Par.?
dravyaguṇasāmānyaviśeṣasamavāyāḥ svalakṣaṇaiḥ ślokasthāne pūrvamuktāḥ // (29.1) Par.?
pratijñā (Behauptung)
atha pratijñā pratijñā nāma sādhyavacanaṃ yathā nityaḥ puruṣa iti // (30.1) Par.?
sthāpanā
atha sthāpanā sthāpanā nāma tasyā eva pratijñāyā hetudṛṣṭāntopanayanigamanaiḥ sthāpanā / (31.1) Par.?
pūrvaṃ hi pratijñā paścāt sthāpanā kiṃ hyapratijñātaṃ sthāpayiṣyati yathā nityaḥ puruṣa iti pratijñā hetuḥ akṛtakatvāditi dṛṣṭāntaḥ yathā ākāśamiti upanayaḥ yathā cākṛtakamākāśaṃ tacca nityaṃ tathā puruṣa iti nigamanaṃ tasmānnitya iti // (31.2) Par.?
pratiṣṭhāpanā
atha pratiṣṭhāpanā pratiṣṭhāpanā nāma yā tasyā eva parapratijñāyā viparītārthasthāpanā / (32.1) Par.?
yathānityaḥ puruṣa iti pratijñā hetuḥ aindriyakatvāditi dṛṣṭāntaḥ yathā ghaṭa iti upanayo yathā ghaṭa aindriyakaḥ sa cānityaḥ tathā cāyamiti nigamanaṃ tasmādanitya iti // (32.2) Par.?
hetu
atha hetuḥ hetur nāmopalabdhikāraṇaṃ tat pratyakṣam anumānam aitihyam aupamyamiti ebhirhetubhiryadupalabhyate tat tattvam // (33.1) Par.?
dṛṣṭānta
atha dṛṣṭāntaḥ dṛṣṭānto nāma yatra mūrkhaviduṣāṃ buddhisāmyaṃ yo varṇyaṃ varṇayati / (34.1) Par.?
yathāgnir uṣṇaḥ dravamudakaṃ sthirā pṛthivī ādityaḥ prakāśaka iti yathā ādityaḥ prakāśakastathā sāṃkhyajñānaṃ prakāśakamiti // (34.2) Par.?
upanaya, nigamana
upanayo nigamanaṃ coktaṃ sthāpanāpratiṣṭhāpanāvyākhyāyām // (35.1) Par.?
uttara
athottaramuttaraṃ nāma sādharmyopadiṣṭe hetau vaidharmyavacanaṃ vaidharmyopadiṣṭe vā hetau sādharmyavacanam / (36.1) Par.?
yathā hetusadharmāṇo vikārāḥ śītakasya hi vyādherhetubhiḥ sādharmyaṃ himaśiśiravātasaṃsparśāḥ iti bruvataḥ paro brūyāddhetuvidharmāṇo vikārāḥ yathā śarīrāvayavānāṃ dāhauṣṇyakothaprapacane hetuvaidharmyaṃ himaśiśiravātasaṃsparśā iti / (36.2) Par.?
etat saviparyayamuttaram // (36.3) Par.?
siddhānta
atha siddhāntaḥ siddhānto nāma sa yaḥ parīkṣakairbahuvidhaṃ parīkṣya hetubhiśca sādhayitvā sthāpyate nirṇayaḥ / (37.1) Par.?
sa caturvidhaḥ sarvatantrasiddhāntaḥ pratitantrasiddhāntaḥ adhikaraṇasiddhāntaḥ abhyupagamasiddhāntaśceti / (37.2) Par.?
tatra sarvatantrasiddhānto nāma tasmiṃstasmin sarvasmiṃstantre tattat prasiddhaṃ yathā santi nidānāni santi vyādhayaḥ santi siddhyupāyāḥ sādhyānāmiti / (37.3) Par.?
pratitantrasiddhānto nāma tasmiṃstasminnekaikasmiṃstantre tattat prasiddhaṃ yathānyatrāṣṭau rasāḥ ṣaḍatra pañcendriyāṇyatra ṣaḍindriyāṇyanyatra tantre vātādikṛtāḥ sarve vikārā yathānyatra atra vātādikṛtā bhūtakṛtāśca prasiddhāḥ / (37.4) Par.?
adhikaraṇasiddhānto nāma sa yasminnadhikaraṇe prastūyamāne siddhānyanyānyapyadhikaraṇāni bhavanti yathā na muktaḥ karmānubandhikaṃ kurute nispṛhatvāt iti prastute siddhāḥ karmaphalamokṣapuruṣapretyabhāvā bhavanti / (37.5) Par.?
abhyupagamasiddhānto nāma sa yamarthamasiddhamaparīkṣitamanupadiṣṭamahetukaṃ vā vādakāle 'bhyupagacchanti bhiṣajaḥ tad yathā dravyaṃ pradhānamiti kṛtvā vakṣyāmaḥ guṇāḥ pradhānamiti kṛtvā vakṣyāmaḥ vīryaṃ pradhānamiti kṛtvā vakṣyāmaḥ ityevamādiḥ / (37.6) Par.?
iti caturvidhaḥ siddhāntaḥ // (37.7) Par.?
śabda
atha śabdaḥ śabdo nāma varṇasamāmnāyaḥ sa caturvidhaḥdṛṣṭārthaśca adṛṣṭārthaśca satyaśca anṛtaśceti / (38.1) Par.?
tatra dṛṣṭārtho nāma tribhir hetubhirdoṣāḥ prakupyanti ṣaḍbhirupakramaiśca praśāmyanti sati śrotrādisadbhāve śabdādigrahaṇamiti / (38.2) Par.?
adṛṣṭārthaḥ punar asti pretyabhāvaḥ asti mokṣa iti / (38.3) Par.?
satyo nāma yathārthabhūtaḥ santyāyurvedopadeśāḥ santi siddhyupāyāḥ sādhyānāṃ vyādhīnāṃ santyārambhaphalānīti / (38.4) Par.?
satyaviparyayaścānṛtaḥ // (38.5) Par.?
pratyakṣa
atha pratyakṣaṃ pratyakṣaṃ nāma tad yad ātmanā cendriyaiśca svayamupalabhyate tatrātmapratyakṣāḥ sukhaduḥkhecchādveṣādayaḥ śabdādayastvindriyapratyakṣāḥ // (39.1) Par.?
anumāna
athānumānamanumānaṃ nāma tarko yuktyapekṣaḥ yathāgniṃ jaraṇaśaktyā balaṃ vyāyāmaśaktyā śrotrādīni śabdādigrahaṇenety evamādi // (40.1) Par.?
aithitya
athaitihyamaitihyaṃ nāmāptopadeśo vedādiḥ // (41.1) Par.?
aupamya
athaupamyamaupamyaṃ nāma yadanyenānyasya sādṛśyamadhikṛtya prakāśanaṃ yathā daṇḍena daṇḍakasya dhanuṣā dhanuḥstambhasya iṣvāsenārogyadasyeti // (42.1) Par.?
saṃśaya
atha saṃśayaḥ saṃśayo nāma sandehalakṣaṇānusaṃdigdheṣvartheṣvaniścayaḥ yathā dṛṣṭā hyāyuṣmallakṣaṇairupetāścānupetāśca tathā sakriyāścākriyāśca puruṣāḥ śīghrabhaṅgāścirajīvinaśca etadubhayadṛṣṭatvāt saṃśayaḥ kimasti khalvakālamṛtyuruta nāstīti // (43.1) Par.?
prayojana
atha prayojanaṃ prayojanaṃ nāma yadarthamārabhyanta ārambhāḥ yathā yadyakālamṛtyur asti tato 'ham ātmānam āyuṣyair upacariṣyāmyanāyuṣyāṇi ca parihariṣyāmi kathaṃ māmakālamṛtyuḥ prasaheteti // (44.1) Par.?
savyabhicāra
atha savyabhicāraṃ savyabhicāraṃ nāma yadvyabhicaraṇaṃ yathā bhaved idamauṣadham asmin vyādhau yaugikamathavā neti // (45.1) Par.?
jijñāsā
atha jijñāsā jijñāsā nāma parīkṣā yathā bheṣajaparīkṣottarakālamupadekṣyate // (46.1) Par.?
vyavasāya
atha vyavasāyaḥ vyavasāyo nāma niścayaḥ yathā vātika evāyaṃ vyādhiḥ idamevāsya bheṣajaṃ ceti // (47.1) Par.?
arthaprāpti
athārthaprāptir arthaprāptirnāma yatraikenārthenoktenāparasyārthasyānuktasyāpi siddhiḥ yathā nāyaṃ saṃtarpaṇasādhyo vyādhirityukte bhavatyarthaprāptiḥ apatarpaṇasādhyo 'yamiti nānena divā bhoktavyamityukte bhavatyarthaprāptiḥniśi bhoktavyamiti // (48.1) Par.?
sambhava
atha saṃbhavaḥ yo yataḥ sambhavati sa tasya saṃbhavaḥ yathā ṣaḍdhātavo garbhasya vyādherahitaṃ hitamārogyasyeti // (49.1) Par.?
anuyojya
athānuyojyamanuyojyaṃ nāma yadvākyaṃ vākyadoṣayuktaṃ tat / (50.1) Par.?
sāmānyato vyāhṛteṣvartheṣu vā viśeṣagrahaṇārthaṃ yadvākyaṃ tadapyanuyojyaṃ yathā saṃśodhanasādhyo 'yaṃ vyādhiḥ ityukte kiṃ vamanasādhyo 'yaṃ kiṃvā virecanasādhyaḥ ityanuyujyate // (50.2) Par.?
athānanuyojyam ananuyojyaṃ nāmāto viparyayeṇa yathāyam asādhyaḥ // (51.1) Par.?
anuyoga (Folgefrage)
athānuyogaḥ anuyogo nāma sa yat tadvidyānāṃ tadvidyaireva sārdhaṃ tantre tantraikadeśe vā praśnaḥ praśnaikadeśo vā jñānavijñānavacanaprativacanaparīkṣārtham ādiśyate / (52.1) Par.?
yathā nityaḥ puruṣaḥ iti pratijñāte yat paraḥ ko hetuḥ ityāha so 'nuyogaḥ // (52.2) Par.?
pratyanuyoga
atha pratyanuyogaḥ pratyanuyogo nāmānuyogasyānuyogaḥ yathāsyānuyogasya punaḥ ko heturiti // (53.1) Par.?
vākyadoṣa
atha vākyadoṣaḥ vākyadoṣo nāma yathā khalvasminnarthe nyūnam anarthakam apārthakaṃ viruddhaṃ ceti etāni hyantareṇa na prakṛto 'rthaḥ praṇaśyet / (54.1) Par.?
tatra nyūnaṃ pratijñāhetūdāharaṇopanayanigamanānām anyatamenāpi nyūnaṃ nyūnaṃ bhavati yadvā bahūpadiṣṭahetukamekena hetunā sādhyate tacca nyūnam / (54.2) Par.?
athādhikamadhikaṃ nāma yannyūnaviparītaṃ yadvāyurvede bhāṣyamāṇe bārhaspatyamauśanasamanyadvā yatkiṃcid apratisaṃbaddhārthamucyate yadvā sambaddhārthamapi dvirabhidhīyate tat punaruktadoṣatvādadhikaṃ tacca punaruktaṃ dvividham arthapunaruktaṃ śabdapunaruktaṃ ca tatrārthapunaruktaṃ yathā bheṣajamauṣadhaṃ sādhanamiti śabdapunaruktaṃ punarbheṣajaṃ bheṣajamiti / (54.3) Par.?
anarthaka
athānarthakam anarthakaṃ nāma yadvacanamakṣaragrāmamātrameva syāt pañcavargavanna cārthato gṛhyate / (54.4) Par.?
apārthaka
athāpārthakam apārthakaṃ nāma yadarthavacca paraspareṇāsaṃyujyamānārthakaṃ yathā cakranakravaṃśavajraniśākarā iti / (54.5) Par.?
viruddha
atha viruddhaṃ viruddhaṃ nāma yaddṛṣṭāntasiddhāntasamayairviruddhaṃ tatra pūrvaṃ dṛṣṭāntasiddhāntāvuktau samayaḥ punastridhā bhavati yathāyurvaidikasamayaḥ yājñikasamayaḥ mokṣaśāstrikasamayaśceti tatrāyurvaidikasamayaścatuṣpādaṃ bheṣajamiti yājñikasamayaḥ ālabhyā yajamānaiḥ paśava iti mokṣaśāstrikasamayaḥ sarvabhūteṣvahiṃseti tatra svasamayaviparītamucyamānaṃ viruddhaṃ bhavati / (54.6) Par.?
iti vākyadoṣāḥ // (54.7) Par.?
vākyapraśaṃsā
atha vākyapraśaṃsā vākyapraśaṃsā nāma yathā khalvasminnarthe tvanyūnam anadhikam arthavat anapārthakam aviruddham adhigatapadārthaṃ ceti yattadvākyamananuyojyamiti praśasyate // (55.1) Par.?
chala
atha chalaṃ chalaṃ nāma pariśaṭhamarthābhāsamanarthakaṃ vāgvastumātrameva / (56.1) Par.?
taddvividhaṃ vākchalaṃ sāmānyacchalaṃ ca / (56.2) Par.?
tatra vākchalaṃ nāma yathā kaścid brūyānnavatantro 'yaṃ bhiṣagiti atha bhiṣag brūyānnāhaṃ navatantra ekatantro 'hamiti paro brūyānnāhaṃ bravīmi nava tantrāṇi taveti api tu navābhyastaṃ te tantramiti bhiṣak brūyānna mayā navābhyastaṃ tantram anekadhābhyastaṃ mayā tantramiti etadvākchalam / (56.3) Par.?
sāmānyacchalaṃ nāma yathā vyādhipraśamanāyauṣadhamityukte paro brūyāt sat satpraśamanāyeti kiṃ nu bhavānāha san hi rogaḥ sadauṣadhaṃ yadi ca sat satpraśamanāya bhavati tatra sat kāsaḥ sat kṣayaḥ satsāmānyāt kāsaste kṣayapraśamanāya bhaviṣyatīti / (56.4) Par.?
etat sāmānyacchalam // (56.5) Par.?
ahetu
athāhetuḥ aheturnāma prakaraṇasamaḥ saṃśayasamaḥ varṇyasamaśceti / (57.1) Par.?
ahetu:: prakaraṇasama
tatra prakaraṇasamo nāmāhetur yathānyaḥ śarīrādātmā nitya iti paro brūyād yasmād anyaḥ śarīrādātmā tasmānnityaḥ śarīraṃ hyanityamato vidharmiṇā cātmanā bhavitavyamityeṣa cāhetuḥ nahi ya eva pakṣaḥ sa eva heturiti / (57.2) Par.?
ahetu:: saṃśayasama
saṃśayasamo nāmāheturya eva saṃśayahetuḥ sa eva saṃśayacchedahetuḥ yathāyam āyurvedaikadeśam āha kiṃnvayaṃ cikitsakaḥ syānna veti saṃśaye paro brūyād yasmād ayam āyurvedaikadeśam āha tasmāccikitsako 'yamiti na ca saṃśayacchedahetuṃ viśeṣayati eṣa cāhetuḥ na hi ya eva saṃśayahetuḥ sa eva saṃśayacchedaheturbhavati / (57.3) Par.?
ahetu:: varṇyasama
varṇyasamo nāmāhetuḥyo heturvarṇyāviśiṣṭaḥ yathā kaścid brūyād asparśatvād buddhir anityā śabdavad iti atra varṇyaḥ śabdo buddhirapi varṇyā tadubhayavarṇyāviśiṣṭatvādvarṇyasamo 'pyahetuḥ // (57.4) Par.?
atītakāla
athātītakālam atītakālaṃ nāma yat pūrvaṃ vācyaṃ tat paścāducyate tat kālātītatvādagrāhyaṃ bhavatīti pūrvaṃ vā nigrahaprāptam anigṛhya parigṛhya pakṣāntaritaṃ paścānnigṛhīte tat tasyātītakālatvānnigrahavacanam asamarthaṃ bhavatīti // (58.1) Par.?
upālambha
athopālambhaḥ upālambho nāma hetordoṣavacanaṃ yathā pūrvam ahetavo hetvābhāsā vyākhyātāḥ // (59.1) Par.?
parihāra
atha parihāraḥ parihāro nāma tasyaiva doṣavacanasya pariharaṇaṃ yathā nityamātmani śarīrasthe jīvaliṅgānyupalabhyante tasya cāpagamānnopalabhyante tasmādanyaḥ śarīrādātmā nityaśceti // (60.1) Par.?
pratijñāhāni
atha pratijñāhāniḥ pratijñāhānirnāma sā pūrvaparigṛhītāṃ pratijñāṃ paryanuyukto yat parityajati yathā prāk pratijñāṃ kṛtvā nityaḥ puruṣa iti paryanuyuktastvāha anitya iti // (61.1) Par.?
abhyanujñā
athābhyanujñā abhyanujñā nāma sā ya iṣṭāniṣṭābhyupagamaḥ // (62.1) Par.?
hetvantara
atha hetvantaraṃ hetvantaraṃ nāma prakṛtahetau vācye yadvikṛtahetumāha // (63.1) Par.?
arthāntara
athārthāntaramarthāntaraṃ nāmaikasmin vaktavye 'paraṃ yadāha / (64.1) Par.?
yathā jvaralakṣaṇe vācye pramehalakṣaṇamāha // (64.2) Par.?
nigrahasthāna
atha nigrahasthānaṃ nigrahasthānaṃ nāma parājayaprāptiḥ tacca trirabhihitasya vākyasyāparijñānaṃ pariṣadi vijñānavatyāṃ yadvā ananuyojyasyānuyogo 'nuyojyasya cānanuyogaḥ / (65.1) Par.?
pratijñāhāniḥ abhyanujñā kālātītavacanam ahetuḥ nyūnam adhikaṃ vyartham anarthakaṃ punaruktaṃ viruddhaṃ hetvantaram arthāntaraṃ ca nigrahasthānam // (65.2) Par.?